What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file which is stored in your browser when you visit any website. The cookie purpose is that the web can remember your visit when you browse that page again. Although a lot of people do not know it, cookies have been used for 20 years, when the first browsers appeared for the World Wide Web.
What is NOT a cookie?
It is neither a virus, nor a trojan horse, nor a worm, spam, spyware nor pop-up.
What information does a cookie store?
The cookies do not store sensitive information about you, such as credit card or bank data, photographs, ID card or personal information, etc. The data stored are technical, personal preferences, contents personalization, etc.
The web URL does not associate to you as a person but to your web browser. In fact, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and try to browse the same web with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the web does not realize you are the same person because it is really associated to the browser, not to the person.
What kinds of cookies exist?
- Technical Cookies: these are the most simple and allow, among other tasks, to know when a person or an automatic application, is navigating, when an anonymous user or a registered one navigates, basic tasks for the working of any dynamic web.
- Analysis Cookies: They collect information on the type of navigation which is being carried out, the most used sections, consulted products, time of use, language, etc.
- Advertisment Cookies: They show advertisement depending on your navigation, procedence country, language, etc.
What are ‘own cookies’ and ‘third parties cookies’?
Own cookies are the ones generated by the page you are visiting and third parties cookies are those generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I deactivate the cookies?
For you to understand the effect which can have to deactivate the cookies, we show you some examples:
- You won’t be able to share contents from that web in Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not be able to adapt the contents to your personal preferences, as it usually happens in online shops.
- You won’t be able to access the personal area of that web, for example ‘my account’, ‘my profile’ or ‘my orders’.
- Online shops: It will be impossible to buy online, they will have to be by telephone or visiting the physical shop if it is available.
- It won’t be possible to personalize your geographical preferences such as time, currency or language.
- The web site won’t be able to analyze on visitors and web traffic, what will make difficult the web to be competitive.
- You won’t be able to write on the blog, upload photos, comment, evaluate or punctuate contents. The web won’t be able to know if you are a person or an automatic application which published spam.
- You won’t be able to show sector publicity, what will reduce the web’s publicity income.
Can cookies be eliminated?
Yes. Not only eliminate but also block them, generally or particularly for a specific domain.
To eliminate the cookies from a web site you have to go to your browser configuration and there you will be able to look for the associated domain and eliminate them.
Cookies configuration for the most popular browsers
Now we indicate you how to access a cookie on Chrome browser. Note: these steps can vary depending on the browser version:
- Go to Configuration or Preferences through the File menu or by clicking the personalization icon which appears at the top right.
- You will see several sections, click the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content Configuration.
- Select all the cookies and the site data.
- A list with all the cookies ordered by domain will appear. For you to be easier to find the cookies of a certain domain introduce partially or totally the address in the field Search cookies.
- After doing this filter one or some cookies line from the requested web will appear on screen. Now you only have to select it and click X to eliminate it.
To access the Internet Explorer browser’s cookies configuration, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options.
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slider to adjusting the privacy level you want.
To access the Firefox browser cookies configuration follow these steps (they can vary depending on the browser version):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on your operative system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History choose a personalized configuration for the history.
- Now you will see the option Accept cookies, you can activate or inactivate them according to your preferences.
To access the Safari browser for OSX cookies configuration follow these steps (they can vary depending on your browser version:
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the option Block cookies to adjust the kind of blocking you want.
To access the Safari browser for IOS cookies configuration follow these steps (they can vary depending on your browser version
- Go to Adjustments, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block cookies for you to adjust the kind of blocking you want.
To access the browser cookies for Android devices follow these steps (they can vary depending on your browser version):
- Run the browser and press the Menu key, then Adjustments.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies to activate or inactivate the box.
To access the browser cookies configuration for Windows Phone devices follow these steps (they can vary depending on your browser version):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration.
- Now you can activate or inactivate the box Allow Cookies.